Honeyland (2019)
★★★★ / ★★★★

One of the beautiful characteristics of Tamara Kotevska and Ljubomir Stefanov’s “Honeyland” is that you wouldn’t know it is a documentary unless you are told it is. That is because it is not a typical documentary: no voice can be heard from behind the camera, the subject does not look at the lens to answer questions, and there is not a single title card meant to provide explanation. We are simply dropped in the mountainous region of the Balkans and we follow a woman named Hatidze trying to make a living by taking care of her bees and selling their honey at the nearest market in Skopje—several hours away from her home should one travel on foot. And she does. Where she lives, there is no car or buses because there is no road, there is no electricity, and there is no running water. It is impossible not to be fascinated by this beekeeper.

The majority of the film is composed of silence—which makes images stand out. We observe closely as Hatidze takes care of her ailing and bed-ridden eighty-five-year-old mother: we are there as Nazife is fed, when she wakes, as she attempts to move her leg upon her daughter’s insistence that she cannot remain in one position for so long. We watch as Nazife is bathed, when her hair is dyed, as the mother and daughter kiss each other good night. In front of us is love at its rawest being captured on film. As Hatidze sits right next to her sleeping mother, we look at her face and a freight train of questions run through our brain. I wondered if she was lonely, if she considered getting married, if she wanted to live somewhere else less isolated. Does she feel anchored because of her mother? What is her opinion of the outside world?

Some of these questions are answered as the picture moves forward. And some are not—which is perfectly all right considering the other rich details the film provides. For instance, it is educational in that, solely through observation, we learn specific tips on how to handle bees. On occasion, Hatidze wears a veil to protect her face from stings, but notice she never wears gloves. Her arms and hands do not appear to have been stung despite a lack of protection. When she handles the honeycombs, she is always calm. She ensures that she takes only half of the honeycombs and leaves the other half for the bees so that more can be made. There is a zen-like quality in her relationship with the bees. We never learn how long she’s been a beekeeper, but it wouldn’t be a surprise to learn if she has handled bees since childhood.

Conflict comes in the form of a family (Hussein Sam, Ljutvie Sam, and their seven children) moving right next to Hatidze’s home. They have cattle but there is barely any grass. There is always commotion due to the energetic children. Hussein decided to start beekeeping for extra income. Hatidze welcomes the changes. Maybe it beats being so silent all the time, being lonely, being bored. There is a beautiful relationship between Hatidze and one of the boys—who absolutely despises working with his father when it comes to handling bees but actually finds it lovely when Hatidze shows him the ropes. Kids are smart. They can easily pick up on the energy, feelings, and mood of a situation.

For example, the boy’s father is financially driven. Handling of the bees must be done quickly. There is often panic when things go wrong. By contrast, Hatidze goes with the flow. She is not afraid to put her face close to the bees and their honeycombs. When bees get stuck in sticky goo or are suffering, she takes notice and knows what to do. She explains how things work and why; the boy is not asked to do anything that may be uncomfortable. Yet the picture does not paint the father as corrupt, evil, or the like. Raising a family, especially a big family, requires money. We understand that and Hatidze does, too. Still, Hatidze has the right to speak up when her own means of making a living is threatened.

But that is not all. Hatidze’s relationship with the Sams is only one aspect of the film. The bigger picture involves our role in the destruction of our environment, the decline of biodiversity, our contribution toward climate change and global warming. “Honeyland” is a terrific documentary for all ages. It is specific, wild, curious, and eye-opening at times. It inspires you to want to take a look inside tree trunks, to look at the organisms hidden amidst soil and grass, to look at the sky and think, “There is a big world out there. I wish to experience more of it. So how can I help to preserve it?”

Satan’s Slaves

Satan’s Slaves (2017)
★★ / ★★★★

Joko Anwar’s “Satan’s Slaves” plays upon haunted house tropes that plague horror movies in the west. It’s a mixed bag because the setup possesses details specific to Indonesian culture, but the punchline is familiar and tired some of the time. Cue shadowy figures coming out of their hiding spaces in the middle of a rainy night. I found this aspect of the picture to be uninspired at best and downright boring when pieces are awkwardly put together. This is not the ideal showcase of the writer-director’s talent.

The first half of the picture intrigues. We meet the family of six and learn plenty in regards to their dynamics as a unit. The matriarch (Ayu Laksmi), once a successful singer, has been ill for years. She is bedridden, her skin suffers from severe discoloration, and she is unable to speak. When she needs help, she summons using a bell. Those familiar with horror films will recognize almost immediately that the bell will become a source for scares. While these expected sequences do not break any ground, they do the job. I craved for more creativity.

The patriarch (Bront Palarae) must deal with not only mounting medical bills but also his children’s needs. I wished this character were developed more. After all, he and his wife share a history. It is strange that we never learn anything specific, surprising, or peculiar about their relationship. Thus, when mother is dying and father is right beside her, it feels like a portrait of two longtime roommates rather than of husband and wife. Father being off-screen for the majority of the time due to having work in the city, which is hours away, does not alleviate the lack of connection between he and his spouse as well as he and the children.

Rini (Tara Basro), the eldest, tries to provide around the house—from emotional support to making meals—while Tony (Endy Arfian), the second eldest, attempts to help financially by selling objects he values (his motorcycle, jewelry). Meanwhile, Bondi (Nasar Annuz) and Ian (M. Adhiyat) are absolutely terrified of mother; not once do we see them interact with her. We do, however, observe them at play. They’re cute and tender toward one another. The screenplay provides enough detail for each offspring and so we believe right away that they’ve lived under the same roof their entire lives. Quickly establishing their bond is critical because the conflict relies on challenging that bond. The writer-director proves to be up to the task.

The usual scares can be effective at times because the work is willing to take on arrhythmic beats between setup and punchline. Perhaps most effective are the haunts involving the two youngest. Ian is unable to speak so we anticipate him facing evil when he’s alone in a room (preferably when every else is sound asleep). But effective, for instance, is the small moments that occur once his instinct forces him to go on the run after recognizing he is not alone. Notice how the work takes its time. No one comes to his rescue right away—a trait uncommon to horror films in the west. In American movies, for instance, it is considered to be too cruel to allow a child character to be terrified for a prolonged period of time. Not here.

Meanwhile, Bondi looks on at the graveyard… which is only several yards away from their house. He is petrified of the idea of the dead rising from their graves. I found it interesting that Bondi gets only one or two in-your-face supernatural encounters. Most of his scares depend on imagining or anticipating that something might happen.

I found the third act to be messy and poorly executed. There are far too many characters running around and things pop out left and right. Naturally, there are convenient saves. I found no excitement, thrills, or scares from such drawn-out sequences, just busywork and loud noises. Clearly, Anwar’s strength is playing it small and personal. Minimal special and visual effects. Going for the jugular when we least expect it.

The Stuff

The Stuff (1985)
★★ / ★★★★

Blind consumerism is the subject of satirization in “The Stuff,” written and directed by Larry Cohen, a comedy with splashes of wild inspiration and patches of going for the lowest hanging fruit. All of us can relate to its premise: chugging down an extra glass of soda when we know it is related to certain types of cancer or eating an extra burger while being fully aware of its connection to heart disease. They just taste so good. “Just one more,” we tell ourselves. “What harm could it do?” This film pushes these ideas to extreme levels. But I say, on some occasion, not extreme enough. It loses its satirical edge from time to time.

The Stuff that has captured the American public imagination is a dessert. It looks like melted marshmallows and it is described as sweet. It is so addictive that it is considered to be a threat to ice cream—which ice cream companies are not happy about. So ice cream executives hire industrial saboteur David Rutherford (Michael Moriarty) whose nickname is “Mo.” He is called that, he explains, because whenever he gets something, like money, he always asks for “Mo.” His goal is to find out how The Stuff is made. Mo is clever, resourceful, good at his job, and has a good sense of huMOr. This nickname is even tethered to the thesis of the film. Careful thought is put into the screenplay.

Special and visual effects are hit-or-miss. The Stuff being a sentient entity that seeps out of the ground, it looks terrific when simply shown bubbling about in its natural habitat. However, when it expels itself out of animals and humans in order to attack its prey, it is neither scary nor amusing because it is painfully obvious that a mannequin is employed or the CGI sticks out too much from its environment. Couple these shortcomings with substandard editing (the sequence involving a dog attacking its owner quickly comes to mind), there is a disconnect between how the images come across and how we are supposed to feel. The better choice might have been to remove the more ostentatious effects and simply trusted our imaginations to do the work.

The most effective sequences involve people realizing that their loved ones have become addicted to and are taken over by The Stuff. Jason (Scott Bloom) wakes up hungry one night and notices that the dessert is moving on its own inside the refrigerator. He refuses to eat it and warns his family what he had seen. Naturally, they do not believe him. Those who have seen at least one “Body Snatchers” picture will likely know what might happen next, but there remains a creepiness, an intrigue, to the work. I think it may have something to do with the anticipation that something big (Mo’s storyline which involves corporations and detective work) will collide with the more humble aspects of the plot (Jason, a helpless pre-teen, living in suburbia).

The military angle is a complete misfire. This is the point in which the story devolves into a wan action picture. There are far too many characters on screen for anything to come across as genuinely suspenseful, thrilling, or horrifying. It does not help that more than half do not have anything of value to do or say. It simply becomes an exercise of effects—like shooting at people taken over by The Stuff then showing the corpses—rather than a rumination of what it is about our own needs and desires that are already so self-destructive and self-consuming which are then amplified exponentially by politics and marketing. When the picture is about ideas, it excels. When forced to become standard entertainment, it withers away.

Dark Waters

Dark Waters (2019)
★★★★ / ★★★★

Horrifying, meticulous, and eye-opening, Todd Haynes’ legal drama “Dark Waters” is a blatant reminder of how far industrial companies will go to rake in profits—even at the cost of their consumers’ livelihood, health, and lives. The story unfolds over a decade and a half yet there is not a dull moment; nearly every scene is purposeful in that it strives to provide the requisite information so that we have an appreciation of the momentous case that Robert Bilott (Mark Ruffalo), a lawyer who had just made partner in Taft, Stettinius & Hollister in 1999, took on against DuPont, a company guilty of knowingly exposing people to toxic chemicals. Shocking and detailed evidence date back to the 1970s—based on DuPont’s very own studies. It is near impossible not to feel enraged while sitting through the film. I watched with great fascination.

To this day, we must live with the chemicals that DuPont released into the environment. Make sure to sit through the title cards near the end credits for staggering statistics. The reason is because these synthetic chemicals—without going into scientific details—are “forever” in that our bodies cannot break them down. And so they remain inside of us. Yes, extensive studies have shown they can cause different types of cancer.

The film does an incredible job in telling and showing what the chemical called PFOA (also called “C8”) does to people, animals, and the environment. Some viewers may get lost in scientific and legal terms. But unforgettable are images like organs that have ballooned, blackened teeth, unusual animal behavior, bruises and scabs on skin, bleached rocks sitting at the bottom of what should be a clean and safe stream.

I admired the picture’s willingness to show detective work. It is not enough to show hundreds of boxes sitting in a large room. We are shown Bilott opening these boxes and combing through stacks of paperwork. We look at the paperwork; we read the underlined and highlighted words; we try to understand the notes written on margins and between lines of text. We examine photographs. We listen in on phone calls. We grow frustrated at the rigged system designed to squash the helpless.

Haynes’ camera is used like a microscope in that we come to learn how Bilott thinks. This is not a movie in which inspiration is treated like a lightbulb going off suddenly. Inspiration is rooted in humanity, in anger, in frustration, in the act of demanding justice like when our protagonist—our hero—is confronted by a farmer, Wilbur Tennant (Bill Camp), about the landfill runoff that had been killing his crops, his cattle, and, unbeknownst to him, his family.

There are terrific performances all around. Ruffalo grounds Bilott in such a way that he is approachable, fiercely intelligent, hardworking, and a bit naive in the beginning when it comes to how much power an industrial company possesses and how it wields that power. Ruffalo embodies Bilott’s physical and mental degradation in a believable manner. Here is a character whose body is dead tired but his mind is always racing. Another standout is Tim Robbins as the chairman and managing partner at Taft; I enjoyed that Robbins, usually a natural and charismatic scene-stealer, refrains a bit here. It’s difficult to read what those eyes are thinking; I loved the intrigue. Also, Bill Pullman has a short but memorable role as a colorful trial attorney.

Who is “Dark Waters” for? The answer is everybody. It will make you want to look at your kitchen appliances, your raincoat, your carpet, foam, cardboard packaging… even the water coming out of the faucet. In other words, it opens our eyes and makes us question how every day objects can impact our health. It is not about paranoia, it’s about being informed.


Tolkien (2019)
★★ / ★★★★

When I see or hear the name “Tolkien,” my mind teleports into a world of overwhelming imagination: colossal dragons keeping terrified knights at bay, aging wizards wielding wands as long as their beards, strange and mystical places, indomitable fellowship, heartbreaking sacrifice, an epic battle between good and evil. It is most disappointing then that this biographical drama about the formative years of John Ronald Ruel Tolkien—J. R. R. Tolkien (Nicholas Hoult)—is diluted in such a way that by the end it looks and feels so ordinary, the viewer is left to wonder why the man in question is special. I sensed the goal is to create a picture worthy of being taken seriously rather than to remain true to the artistic spirit of its subject.

There is nothing particularly wrong with the performances. Hoult portrays the adult Tolkien with a sense of charisma and flair; when he reads words off books out loud, he made me listen closely to cadence and attitudes of excerpts in the off-chance that what is being read might have impacted the author in surprising ways. But the screenplay by David Gleeson and Stephen Beresford dedicates so much time in showing the subject either in love or heavy-hearted that his talent for creating languages that roll off the tongue is constantly overshadowed. Hoult is that rare performer who exudes a physical strength and intelligence without having to do much, and so it is strange that the material fails to play upon that strength.

We get it: Tolkien is smitten with fellow lodger Edith Bratt (Lily Collins), a pianist who yearns freedom from the woman who decided to take them in following their orphanage. But surely there are many more interesting events in Tolkien’s life outside of the standard romance? For instance, I enjoyed learning about Tolkien’s best friends—Geoffrey the poet (Anthony Boyle), Robert the painter (Patrick Gibson), and Christopher the composer (Tom Glynn-Carney)—and noting their similarities and differences. Although Tolkien does not come from a privileged background, all four Team Club, Barrovian Society (T.C.B.S.) members are artists who yearn to be free of traditional expectations regarding which careers they should pursue. Their parents wish for them to be doctors, lawyers, accountants. Through their fellowship, they encourage each others’ work. To me, this is the more interesting angle of the story.

The movie is also plagued with an unnecessary structural issues. For more than half of its nearly two-hour running time, the story is told in flashbacks. We first lay eyes on the protagonist, feverish and desperate to find Geoffrey the poet in the trenches of the Battle of the Somme. War images are not at all convincing on their own. But to inject fantasy elements on top it is another miscalculation altogether. The point, I suppose, is to juxtapose Tolkien’s inescapable reality with the images in his head waiting to be put on paper. But it is ineffective here because the depiction of the horrors of World War I is not established in the least. Thus, there is no drama, just a choreography of men holding muskets, charging the front lines, explosions, painful screaming.

“Tolkien” is directed by Dome Karukoski, and the project is most effective when two people simply sit down and have a conversation: about societal expectations, about what it means to be young and poor, about language as sound versus language as meaning. I can imagine that the author’s formative years is far more interesting—and challenging—than what this film shows. Otherwise, he would not have created such memorable fantasy epics that have something compelling to say about human nature. In the end, the film is just another Famous Writer movie with minimal personality and vision. It fails to take risks in order to be respectable.

A Hidden Life

A Hidden Life (2019)
★★★ / ★★★★

I walked away from Terrence Malick’s “A Hidden Life” thinking there is a better movie yet to be made about Franz Jägerstätter (August Diehl), a farmer who refuses to pledge loyalty to Adolf Hitler and fight for Nazi Germany. Based on his religion and morality, which the material treats, quite astutely, as two separate ideas, Hitler’s actions are evil and the war is occurring for all the wrong reasons. I admired its intention to tell Jägerstätter’s story and I do hope more stories of conscientious objectors during World War II garner more attention and be put on celluloid. However, at times Malick’s penchant for poetic shots of the sky, meadows, streams, and longing faces (cue the ever-present spiritual score) takes away tension and raw emotions instead of amplifying them. A handful of techniques, especially when man relates to nature, are taken right off Malick’s superior works “Days of Heaven” and “The Tree of Life.” What results is a work with a running time of nearly three hours—completely unnecessary because a. the provided content is stretched to the point of repetition and b. it will likely repel most viewers from seeing the picture. Isn’t the point to bring Jägerstätter’s story to a wider audience? Still, I appreciated learning about Jägerstätter not only as an anti-Nazi figure but as a humble man, devoted husband, and father of three girls. He is not a man of words, but Diehl portrays him as a person with deep thoughts, possessing an understanding of what it means to be a man of faith. Inspired by the book “Franz Jagerstatter: Letters and Writings from Prison” by Erna Putz.

The Dirties

The Dirties (2013)
★★★ / ★★★★

“What are you doing? It’s me.”

It is almost impossible to go through this movie without feeling a heavy knot growing in the pit of your stomach. We know that its final destination is a school shooting. And director Matt Johnson (who co-stars and co-writes) spends ample time putting all the pieces into place until the horrifying but well-earned first gunshot. The film is suspenseful and scary, but it is also very funny and sad—certainly compelling at times because it is honest about high school life, especially in the way it captures how it is like to be an outcast.

I saw myself in best friends Matt (Johnson) and Owen (Owen Williams) even though I do not consider myself having been a victim of bullying. The recognition comes in the form of how the two boys relate, like their passion for making movies, putting on costumes, laughing and making fun of themselves. The silly jokes that are only hilarious to them while strange in the eyes of others. It is in how they’re relaxed when around one another, how they know precisely what the other is thinking when their eyes meet at the same time. I believed that Owen and Matt have known each other for more than half their lives; they’re always on the same wavelength.

That is, until they are assigned a school project which involves making a short film. They choose to make a comedy called “The Dirties” which is about killing a gang of high school bullies. Although creative and energetic, bad words and guns are prevalent—totally not appropriate to be shown in class. We already know what the teacher will say when he sees the rough cut. Still, Matt and Owen comply. They have no choice; it’s due to the next day. For one of the boys, though, the project continues after the video is shown in class. He decides that those who’ve tormented them for so long deserve to die. So, he goes to the library to ask for the high school’s blueprints. He is amused by how easy it was to get.

I appreciated that the picture does not diminish bullying in high school. For instance, when Owen is smacked in the head with a rock, not only are we shown the blood, time is taken to underscore the fact that Owen is unable to stand up—due to the pain and, perhaps more importantly, for being completely humiliated. I noticed myself feeling so upset and angry—like a friend was being bullied right in front of my eyes. I caught myself thinking I wanted payback. Enough is enough. The writer-director (Evan Morgan co-writes) has done such a terrific job of welcoming us into Matt and Owen’s little world that we feel like we are one of them.

I think “The Dirties” makes a strong double bill with with Gus Van Sant’s excellent “Elephant.” Both involve high school shootings. Their tones are completely different. Yet the tension, and suspense, in both films are high. Both possess a gritty, realistic feel to them. Their endings are handled very differently. But both are effective. Do not miss this one.

The Silence of the Lambs

The Silence of the Lambs (1991)
★★★★ / ★★★★

It seems everywhere she goes Clarice Starling (Jodie Foster), one of the top students at the FBI training academy, feels the male gaze caressing her: the local cops who find a corpse that had been underwater for days; her fellow trainees and superiors; the director of the Baltimore State Hospital for the Criminally Insane (Anthony Health); even the serial killer Dr. Hannibal Lecter (Anthony Hopkins), dubbed Hannibal the Cannibal by the media, the former psychiatrist Clarice has been assigned to interview in order to gather information about a recently infamous psychopath known as Buffalo Bill—whose M.O. involves removing women’s skin after murdering them. He intends to stitch the skins and wear them. “Are you about a size 14?”

“The Silence of the Lambs,” based on the screenplay by Ted Tally and directed by Jonathan Demme, is first-rate entertainment. It is filled to the brim with sharp, intelligent, and fluid dialogue; carefully calibrated performances that not only demand viewers not to blink but also invite us to lean in and listen more closely; and memorable images so graphic at times that when we close our eyes our brain traces the outlines of grotesque images in the back of our eyelids. It is a psychological thriller so potent, tension gathers every step of the way—and it doesn’t let go until Clarice’s gun is fired in the expertly paced final ten minutes.

The picture’s centerpiece is the interaction between earnest Clarice and cunning Dr. Lecter. The relationship is curious because it is strictly a business transaction, a bartering of crucial information: Clarice provides details—sometimes painful details—about her past, Lecter gives insight on how to detect and capture Buffalo Bill. There is no trace of romantic connection. Not even a twisted father-daughter connection. It is a thrilling chess match between two perceptive individuals must who must work together in order to achieve their goals.

I think deep down they like each other. Perhaps there is even respect there. This is a masterstroke in an already top notch material. It is a true horror film in that we are asked to identify with a serial killer who eats his victims and feels no remorse. There is no explanation offered regarding this compulsion. It just is. Hopkins appears on screen for less than fifteen minutes in total yet his presence can be felt throughout. The level of menace he injects in the Lecter character is so high that it is able to pierce through every scene with ease. He need not be mentioned because Foster carries Clarice’s exchanges with Dr. Lecter like a scar. She is challenged to think like him but at the same time overcome him in order to avoid being played.

Demme possesses an understanding of how to capture situational horror effectively. Forget corpses on a platter or blood spatters as security guards are beaten with a truncheon. Look at the way images are framed as Clarice walks down the hall seconds before she introduces herself to the notorious Dr. Lecter. Observe the manner in which Buffalo Bill interacts with his victims, particularly the scene where he tries to copy the way a woman screams. On the surface, it appears as though he’s simply mocking her misery. But no. Like Clarice and Dr. Lecter, Buffalo Bill is a person who studies, who yearns to be free through a kind of transformation.

Pay special attention to the finale when Clarice must make her way through the dark… while the killer, standing about five feet away from her, wears night vision goggles… gazing at her. All of these examples require patience to unfold so that they truly get under our skins. We remember them not necessarily for the images but how they make us feel, how anticipation grips us by the throat.


Host (2020)
★★★ / ★★★★

In just under one hour, director Rob Savage (who co-writes with Gemma Hurley and Jed Shepherd) is able to tell a satisfying horror tale about a group of friends who summon an entity through a seance using the Zoom app in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic. It wears its inspirations on its sleeves—“Paranormal Activity,” “Unfriended,” and “Friend Request” quickly come to mind—yet it is able to take note of what worked and makes them more potent. I wish more movies can be as direct and efficient; it is apparent the filmmakers value our time.

We are not meant to get to know any of the characters—not even Haley (Haley Bishop), host of the video chat who has hired Seylan (Seylan Baxter) to guide them through the seance. However, we are presented just enough details in order to get a surface feel of the participants’ personalities, from Haley who holds a certain respect (and thrill) in communicating with the dead, Caroline (Caroline Ward) who is open to an experience that may or may not turn out to be a dud, to Jemma (Jemma Moore) who is clearly in it just for the laughs.

One trait they all have in common: They miss each other after having been quarantined for months. Their apartments look messy and lived in—one or two in need of serious vacuuming. We also get a sense that some of the girls are closer to some than others—a delightful, realistic touch that did not be included in a breezy horror picture. But because it is there, it sets itself further apart from its contemporaries. Future works to be inspired by this film should take note.

There is restraint in utilizing special and visual effects. Naturally, there will be jump scares. When a character faces a dark room and points out to others that she sees something standing there, cue the countdown to the “Boo!” moment. Sometimes there are jolts. But other times the lack of it is unsettling. Its ability to change gears keeps us on our toes. The work does not always feel the need to show in order to pique our curiosity. There are instances when the horror relies upon knowing with absolute certainty that an apparition is in the room but a girl is helpless from doing anything about it. But because she is panic-stricken, she just has to know where it is in order to cope. And so she disperses flour all around the room.

There are far too many moments when characters are pulled or dragged around by an invisible force. One or two times does the job; five or six times is laughable. Still, I admired “Host” what it is able to accomplish with minimal budget, a short running time, the many familiar (and problematic) tropes it embraces, and its knack for finding ways to sell the familiar as fresh. I am interested in seeing the screenwriters helm an original work far more daring than this one. This is a solid showcase of their potential.


Bloodline (2018)
★ / ★★★★

First-time director Henry Jacobson wishes to tell a story about a monster hiding in plain sight in “Bloodline,” a psychological thriller so devoid of suspense, creativity, and drama that to say it is a Great Value version of the television series “Dexter” would be an insult to the brand—because the brand is meant to save us money while the film wastes our time. Nearly every second of its ninety-five minute running time feels like pulling teeth because no tension is accumulated; we are simply meant to sit through a series of would-be shocking events which almost always end up with a victim getting his or her throat sliced open. Cue the blood spatter on the killer’s face.

In the middle of it, I wondered if Seann William Scott actually read the screenplay before signing on for the project. He must have because it is obviously an independent film with limited budget—not at all a multimillion-dollar franchise in which an actor gets paid the big bucks. Did he owe someone a favor? Was he threatened to do the picture? Is this a two-part deal? In any case, his talent is wasted here. His character, a high school counselor who has a new baby at home, is not written with searing insight, great depth, and surprising details—strange because the intention of the work is for us to look at Mr. Cole and recognize eventually he is a portrait of evil. It is not enough to show him killing people that he thinks deserve to be punished; we must have an understanding of what makes a complex subject tick. What is/are his moral code(s)? Does he have any? Whatever the case, what makes this character worth looking into?

Mr. Cole’s penchant for killing stems from a traumatizing childhood event. (Aren’t they all?) These flashbacks lack control in terms of editing and how it is shot. They are presented to us randomly, perhaps when the subject becomes so stressed in his home life and/or while at work. The intention, I guess, is to show that he has such a flimsy grasp on reality that his mind must reach back into the past in order to cope. It is most unconvincing because the material also suggests that Mr. Cole is addicted to killing. It cannot be both because these are two different needs. There is a lack of both consistency and a basic understanding of abnormal psychology in Avra Fox-Lerne, Henry Jacobson, and Will Honley’s screenplay.

Strong debut pictures are usually propelled by great energy. At times first-time filmmakers wish to throw everything but the kitchen sink into their project—just in case they will not have another opportunity to make a second movie. In “Bloodline,” it is almost the exact opposite. There is no sense of desperation here channeled into something positive. It is lifeless, dour, and nearly every element feels constricted. Listen to the dialogue, for instance. It sounds like actors are reading from the script instead of simply being. Look at how scenes are shot indoors versus outdoors—there is little difference. It is no wonder the work is flat in look and feeling.

Even the relationship between husband and wife (Mariela Garriga) is most unconvincing. We are supposed to notice a difference in how their lifestyle changes as a couple once the adorable baby arrives—when it is not painfully apparent the performers are carrying or interacting with a doll—but there is nothing to sink our teeth into because minimal context is provided when it comes to how their lives are like before parenthood. It does not help that Scott and Garriga share no chemistry. When they are in bed together, it feels like a bad joke. We wait for the punchline.


Wildlife (2018)
★★★ / ★★★★

Upon meeting the Brinsons, we cannot help but to get the impression they are the typical happy, middle-class American family: there is warm food on the table; every member is laughing or smiling; sports announcements are being broadcasted on the radio. But by the end of this story, based upon the novel of the same by Richard Ford and adapted to the screen by Paul Dano (who directs) and Zoe Kazan, the Brinsons as a unit have all but collapsed. Although the story takes place in 1960, echoes from the past reverberate to our modern times with stunning puissance because the work’s strength lies in specificity and details. I think those who have experienced divorce—as adults who were once married or as children whose parents decided to separate—will find a number of honesty and truths in “Wildlife,” a terrific debut film about change.

The fulcrum of the story is seen through the eyes of the son. He has an ordinary name, Joe, and he is portrayed with quiet power by Ed Oxenbould. Joe does not say much, but his actions communicate that he loves his mother, Jeanette (Carey Mulligan), and father, Jerry (Jake Gyllenhaal), that he is gentle, observant, and gears in his brain are always rotating. He seems innocent, but we know precisely what he is thinking and/or feeling when there is sudden silence between arguing parents, when father is fired from a job he excels at and enjoys, the implications that come when mother suggests that maybe it would help the family if she took on a part-time job. Oxenbould emotes in an inward manner—precisely the correct approach in a heavy drama like this one. Not once does Joe cry, but we can hear him screaming on the inside.

Like Joe, the remaining three important characters are never defined by one thing that they say or do. When Jerry decides to take on a menial and low-paying job involving putting out forest fires, we are forced to wonder why. The director, coupled with Gyllenhaal’s thoughtful performance, ensures we know enough about the character to be able to put the pieces together. In my eyes, Jerry has an idea of what it is like to be a man: the breadwinner, the provider, the one who sacrifices every bit of himself for his family. When one aspect of his definition is taken from him, he feels a part of himself has been ripped away. He has no purpose and so he goes up to the burning mountains to find it. To him, this is a sacrifice that must be done.

But for Jeanette, to leave is an act of selfishness. Mulligan’s face is so expressive, she wears at least three emotions in every scene she’s in: what her character wants others to see, what she really feels, and her subconscious wants and needs. Here is a woman who feels she has done all that she could to be supportive of her husband whose nature is to run when life becomes challenging. Although we see the story unfold from Joe’s perspective, an argument can be made Jeanette is the most complex out of everybody.

It is reductive to say that Jeanette is tired of being poor. Yes, on some level, she is. After all, she eventually goes after a man who is wealthy even though he is twice her age (Bill Camp). But I take it a bit further. I think Jeanette is tired of being disappointed; that no matter what she does, she cannot change the very nature of the man she married. In her mind, she is a fighter in important ways that he is not. She regrets to have overlooked this fact prior to marriage. Or it’s possible she thought she could fix him somehow. And so when her husband leaves, she seizes the opportunity to break free from the shackles of having to be let down yet again.

Intensely character-driven, “Wildlife” is a film for intelligent and thoughtful viewers. You get what you put into it; it is required that you look characters in the eye and consider how they think or feel given a set of details that the screenwriters provide. No blame is placed; it is not necessary. There are no easy solutions. There are, however, repercussions for actions taken. The ending works as a litmus test on whether you see the glass as half-full or half-empty.

The Cured

The Cured (2017)
★★★ / ★★★★

Written and directed by David Freyne, “The Cured” is a zombie movie with a brain. Those who come in expecting to see a series of mindless chases between the undead and the living are certain to be disappointed because the film is more interested in exploring what happens after the so-called Infected are now considered to be Cured. Their reintegration to society touches upon so many metaphors that are highly relevant to our own social issues such as recently released convicts, those who have gone through rehab due to drug addiction, even immigration.

The screenplay cares about presenting details and then mining them for human drama. Although the majority of the population has been cured, we learn about the exact percentage of those who remain resistant to the drug. It is recognized that the former Infected are able to retain their memories from when they were not in control of their own bodies. The trauma of remembering is underlined and is told through one man’s increasingly heavy guilt: Senan (Sam Keeley) having been welcomed with open arms by his sister-in-law named Abbie (Ellen Page), the latter unaware that the former had killed her husband which left her young son without a father.

The atmosphere created by the writer-director is precise and carefully controlled. Gloom dominates every scene. Notice the choice of season. Cold colors overwhelm the warm ones even when indoors. People speak in a relaxed tone and manner as if not to disturb those who have perished. Laughter is evanescent. When someone smiles, it is welcome but awkward. The survivors—both the Cured and the ones who were never bitten—deserve to move on. We want them to but they cannot. Clearly, the shadows of death and mayhem remain in Ireland.

There is a lot of anger in the streets. People who watched their loved ones die do not wish to live alongside the Cured. To them, they are murderers. Meanwhile, some of the Cured are growing frustrated being treated worse than animals. A man named Conor, a former barrister before he turned and now assigned by the military to be a cleaner, is more than happy to take on the role of leader. He has the ability to take anger, turn them into hateful actions, and label these as something else. Conor is played with silent menace by Tom Vaughan-Lawlor. He can simply stand in one corner without saying a word and yet we feel he is up to no good. It begs the question: Is the true monster the one who isn’t control of his actions or the one who is?

Less interesting, although still entertaining, is the final twenty minutes. It involves the typical zombie screeching, biting, and running about. Who will die? Who will live? I suppose it is a necessary catharsis, but I wished that Freyne had found a fresher way to close his consistently curious story. One can take solace, however, for leaving certain details open to interpretation. It ends just as it begins: a kiss on the cheek for the more thoughtful viewers.

Evil Dead II

Evil Dead II (1987)
★★★ / ★★★★

“Evil Dead 2: Dead by Dawn” begins like any other cabin-in-the-woods horror picture: an unsuspecting couple goes on their romantic weekend getaway and suddenly their plans are completely derailed. Something unusual, shocking, almost off-putting: not eight minutes into the picture, the woman is dead—beheaded!—and buried in the ground. The man named Ash (brilliantly played by Bruce Campbell) is left to fend for himself against the demonic forces residing in the woods. Terror and… hilarity ensues. The work, written by Sam Raimi (who directs) and Scott Spiegel, is a satire of horror movies.

It is not so much a love letter to horror films—the first “Evil Dead,” a straight-faced scary movie involving a group of friends who meet in their doom in the very same cabin of this sequel—is closer to that. This is a love letter to horror images, from the undead rising from the grave, malicious-looking trees capable of uprooting themselves, a severed hand moving on its own, to buckets of blood being sprayed from the walls. It is so over-the-top that one cannot help but smile at its earnestness, its willing to entertain no matter the cost. And it does not run out of energy.

There are numerous crafty sequences powerful enough to embed themselves in our memories. I will give two examples. The first involves Ash finding himself surrounded by laughter… not of other people but of inanimate objects (deer mounted on the wall, bookcases, lamp) that shouldn’t be capable of moving let alone laugh. The demons are mocking him for being alone, for being weak, for being terrified. The evil knows it is going to win and so it plays with Ash for as long as possible. Ash can’t find himself to do anything at that point but laugh along. That is, until his laughter turns into sobs of desperation. He is the target and the evil force aims to drive him mad; he is entertainment to them—and he, along with his tormentors, in turn is entertainment to us. Clearly, the satire has bite.

Another example: the unbroken shot involving a chase between Ash and the unknown force that follows him from the woods to the cabin. We take the point of view of villain. But notice the content of the chase: it is a slapstick comedy. Ash wriggles about, stumbles, inserts himself in various cracks and corners like a little mouse. He opens and breaks down doors… and the evil is capable of doing the same. Things go wrong for our protagonist and yet somehow the force never gets to him, perhaps on purpose. It is loyal to the theme of Ash being its plaything. The evil is not evil because the ominous Book of the Dead says so. It is evil because of its actions: It enjoys tormenting its victim for the sake of entertainment. Raimi is in complete control of not only the images but the messages he wishes for us to consider. It is clever nearly every step of the way. (“Nearly” because I am not a fan of the final scene that sets up the next movie.)

“Evil Dead II” is not just any other remake or sequel or reimagining. I think this terrific follow-up can be considered as the “alternate spirit” of the original. Both share the same setting, but emphasis is on completely different ideas. Similar special and visual effects are employed, but they must be utilized in different ways in order to accomplish a specific goal. Together, these two make an excellent double feature for those who wish to analyze and understand specific types of storytelling told through similar vein. There is plenty to appreciate here.


Impetigore (2019)
★★★ / ★★★★

After seeing Joko Anwar’s Indonesian horror film “Impetigore,” I was inspired to walk around outside and soak in the warm sunlight. It is the kind of work that drenches you so fully with its heavy fog of portentous images, the experience is like peering into a different world—a world without warmth, without hope, without comfort.

The movie is scary, mysterious, and suspenseful. But it can also be funny at a drop of a hat. The writer-director seems to be aware of the genre’s conventions and so he injects just enough kinks to keep us on our toes. This is not a work that is reliant upon jump scares and quick cuts—which plague mediocre horror pictures in the west. On the contrary, it seems to have aversion toward cheap scares and such overused techniques. Its patience invites us to look into the void.

The premise is familiar: a woman named Maya (Tara Basro) returns to the village where she was born so she can, in a way, come to terms with her past. Desperate financially, she wishes to check on a house that her parents might have left for her and sell it. But this template is surface-level. Even before we lay eyes on the isolated village of Harjosari, Maya’s past has come to haunt her. But the haunting is not done by old-fashioned ghosts—residents of the village venture into the city to find and kill her. We learn about a curse that’s been around for twenty years. Somehow Maya is in the middle of it even though she has no childhood memory of Harjosari.

We spend ample time learning about the village’s culture. Maya and her best friend named Dini (Marissa Anita) tiptoe around the hush-hush village as they notice there appears to be a procession for the dead on a daily basis. We observe how residents live, the type of work that’s available, the clothing on their backs. Locals do not smile. Their eyes either look dead or angry.

This is a place without electricity so when darkness comes every corner feels like a threat. We attend their rituals—a burial, pregnant women giving birth, puppet shows. We visit the cemetery and note its verdant beauty… amidst small headstones of children without names. Nearly every scene we are given something creepy to digest.

I am the first to complain when a film is reliant upon flashbacks. There is one extended flashback during the third act, but I didn’t mind it because everything else that leads up to that point is strong. Notice that if flashbacks were taken out completely, we would still have other information already at our disposal in order to make sense of the story. In other words, looking into the past does not take away from or sabotage the current timeline. Filmmakers in the west—especially Americans—can learn a thing or two on how to utilize flashbacks in a way that enriches the work rather than cheating or boring the audience.

I wished the final scene involving what happens to the village “one year later” had been removed altogether because it leaves a bitter taste in the mouth. That short and pointless sequence is something I expected from writer-directors who do not understand how to be efficient with storytelling. Nevertheless, this misstep does not take away the fact that “Impetigore” excels in inducing uneasiness and disquiet. I look forward to discovering what else Anwar can offer.